Survey of healthcare professionals in Samoa to evaluate their knowledge, attitude, and practice on managing obesity

Main Article Content

Viali Lameko
Ramona Boodoosingh
Penelope Schoeffel
Tausala Aiavao
Falelua Maua
Saunima’a Aiolupotea

Keywords

obesity, healthcare professionals, knowledge, attitudes, practices, Samoa

Abstract

ABSTRACT


Introduction: The level of obesity among the Samoan adult population has doubled since 1978 for both men and women and is a serious public health issue.


Aim: To determine the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) with regard to obesity among Samoan health professionals. 


Methods: Interview front-line health workers in ten rural and one urban health facility using a developed questionnaire and observation of clinical practice. The sample comprised 130 (68%) registered nurses, 45 (24%) enrolled nurses and 15 (8%) doctors.


Findings: Most participants were well informed about the relation between obesity and non-communicable disease and were aware of the prevalence of obesity and related health risks. Contradictory advise was often given to patients about the maintenance of a healthy body weight


Discussion: There is a need to educate health workers on evidence-based weight management pathways and to develop patient care plans so overweight and obese persons attending health service facilities are informed effectively on how to lose weight.

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